Genetics and fitness-LongiFIT

Genetics and fitness-LongiFIT

Achieving fitness goals through gene potential

If you have been burning out all your calories, and have been sweating hard while exercising, but are still at the null stage on the fitness graph, there are a whole lot of reasons which may be acting as a hurdle between you and your fitness goals. You may have even noticed your gym friends becoming fitter than you despite them having performed lesser workout, at a much lower frequency and intensity as you did. Yes, even moderate exercising and light workouts effortlessly impact the fitness level, athletic ability, and muscle power of several individuals.

You must have heard of world-renowned athletes, sportspeople and individuals belonging to the sports and fitness fraternity, making world records of winning day-long and even week-long, triathlons, ultra-marathons, races and cyclothons. Not only this, new competitors are seen meeting and also surpassing the set records, further putting for a new milestone to achieve for the yet newcomers. Is there no limit to attain new heights? Does human sports performance, based on athletic ability, muscle power, fitness etc., draw a line anywhere? Are there any factors that limit a sports person's performance?

But have you ever wondered what apart from practice and habit makes them achieve such accolades while innumerable other fitness freaks spend years on developing stamina and are yet unable to achieve their goals?

Several physiologists across the world agree that factors such as nutrition and diet, exercise, lifestyle habits, environment, use of the best quality and advanced equipment including sports gear promote dramatic advances in the athletic performance of individuals.

However, if you take a look at the bigger picture, there is a more significant reason that impacts all of the aforementioned factors, and that is- genetics!

The genes that control cardiovascular endurance, muscle fibre type, muscle power, energy output and exercise-induced muscle damage, post-exercise oxidative stress, etc., in specific, are utmost responsible for your fitness level.

Genetics play a role in helping you achieve your fitness goals

The genes that come to you as a hereditary are immensely responsible for impacting your potential to perform and excel in sports, athletic activities, exercises etc. While rigorous practice sessions and regular training, intake of a balanced diet, lifestyle habits, and adaptation of your body to the changing weather conditions and environment play a huge role, your genes define the level to which you can best perform, based on your genetic makeup.

Your genetic reports may state that you possess the gene ability to become a champion athlete or a superstar sports performer. However, if you follow a no-exercise and sedentary lifestyle, indulge in overeating, and crave for unhealthy/fast-foods, your capacity of being a champion may be on the flip side, and it will be improbable for you to achieve that potential. On the contrary, an individual with minimal genetic potential can find ways to compensate and become a proficient performer.

Genetics have a tremendous influence over strength, muscle power, stamina, muscle size, vascular response to exercise, bone mineral density (BMD), pain sensitivity, post-exercise oxidative stress, lung capacity, joint strength, flexibility, and endurance to a great extent.

One of the most significant limitations determined by genetics, for endurance athletes is cardiac capacity- their the ability of their heart to pump and deliver sufficient oxygen through the bloodstream to the working skeletal muscles. Besides this, the strength of one's muscle tissue to effectively use oxygen, and produce & store energy in the form of Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), is also a major limitation. The maximum volume of oxygen measures its efficacy.

Genetics influence your response to athletic and sports training

The reason why some people with low genetic potential for endurance benefit exclusively well with training, as compared to those with high genetic talent is, the way their bodies respond to it.

Regular training also enhances cardiac competence, but the extent to which a person's body can adapt to the improvement entirely depends on genetics. It is apparent that individuals who are 'genetically gifted', or who have or have had their parents as lifelong sports persons possess a much greater response to training. They also have a large increase in the number of mitochondria - the powerhouses of the cells. As a result, they tend to be much more efficient in all respects.

Needless to say, diet plays a role in every way

To eat is a necessity, but to eat intelligently is an art. Consuming less food with a conception that you can remain fit and healthy is never right. It's important not that you minimise your food intake, but to intake the right food, which best suits your body, and meets the nutrition and fitness needs.

Your genes also determine how your body responds to diet, which further decides how good or bad your fitness levels will remain, and also how you look and feel. Take, for example, dairy products- especially milk, cheese, curd, etc.,- all of which are believed to be excellent sources of calcium, may or may not impact your body. While curd may suffice your and your child's calcium needs as compared to milk that may even make you feel bloated, your friend may benefit only from milk.

The major reason for such differences between you and your friend in most probability is- genes and the way they impact your body.

With diet, one can never adopt the stretchable clothes ideology- 'one size fits all'. It is never so! The nutrition-related genes significantly impact the food we consume. You may have heard that certain food intolerances and allergies run in families, and the members are hence unable to consume a particular food item. This is because of the genes that control the impact of the food one eats.

Using food as your natural medicine has set the trend and has become a focus area for health improvement. Healthy eating habits make one fitter, healthier, happier and also helps them live longer.

Thus, it is crucial to understand the role of DNA in fitness and diet, and how personalised genetic test reports on fitness can help you design a preventive healthcare schedule for yourself. With technologies such as targetted gene sequencing, whole-genome sequencing and more, scientists are unlocking new paths to complete fitness while also ensuring long-term benefits for one and all.

The Bione LongiFIT Test gives deep insight into your DNA; how your body responds to sports & athletic performance, dietary needs, cardio-gastro-health, neuronal traits, eating behaviour, food reactions, skin health and overall fitness.

  • Technology used: High-throughput extraction and Global Screening Array technology
  • Get thorough and easy to use genetic interpretations to understand various factors affecting your health
  • Reveal the secrets hidden in your DNA about your health and shape your life accordingly
  • Get unequalled insight into diet, nutrition, fitness and well-being
  • Improve your fitness level with the help of genomic counselling which is tailor-made according to your unique body requirements
  • Take action today to prevent various lifestyle diseases tomorrow
  • Find out what level of risk you have for serious conditions like cancer, heart diseases, kidney issues etc.

Benefits of genetic testing

  • It tells you what information is coded in your unique genes about your health and well being
  • Genetic Parameters covered: Your body’s response to Sports & Athletic Performance, Dietary Requirements, Cardio-Gastro Health, Metabolism & Exercise, Neuronal Traits- Personal traits and cognitive functions, Food Reactions & Eating Behaviour, Skin Health, and Genomic Counselling.
  • Key highlights: Covers 8 categories, analyses 160+ genes, reports 750+ markers and 70+ parameters about health, fitness, and wellness.
  • It clears all your doubts about why certain foods are good for others and not for you or vice versa
  • Benefits:
    • Get in-depth information about your DNA for the personalised genetic blueprint.
    • Know about your muscle power, energy output, exercise-induced muscle damage, cardiac output, joint strength & flexibility, bone-mineral density, etc., and ways to improve it.
    • Determine your vitamin, mineral and dietary supplement deficiencies and needs
    • Discover and reduce the chances of heart-related health risks, which are likely to affect you
    • Learn about which exercises can help you remain fit & healthy, and ways to prevent lifestyle diseases through regular exercise.
    • Explore how you can enhance your memory, stay refrained from overconsumption of nicotine, and keep panic disorders at bay
    • Get genomic counselling